At 05:52 UTC on August 9, a Soyuz 2.1b/Fregat-M rocket introduced from Web site 31/6 on the Baikonur Cosmodrome wearing the Khayyam satellite tv for pc for Iran and 16 CubeSats for more than a few establishments and universities.
The release was once firstly scheduled for as early because the summer time of 2021 however was once not on time a couple of instances.
The satellite tv for pc, named “Khayyam” after a Twelfth-century Persian mathematician, is probably in line with the NPK Barl-designed Alpha-ES satellite tv for pc.
Alpha-ES boasts a picture answer of 0.7 m and will take panchromatic pictures in addition to near-infrared pictures.
The mission, occasionally known as Mission 505, has been within the works since 2015 when Russia and Iran publicly disclosed their intentions on the bi-annual MAKS aerospace display in Russia.
Iran’s Press TV information carrier revealed a piece of writing list the 4 primary companions within the mission with the Russian companions being NPK Barl, a producer of floor fortify programs, and NPO VNII Elektromekhaniki (VNIIEM), a faraway sensing satellite tv for pc builder.
The 2 Russian corporations would paintings along the Iranian corporate Bonyan Danesh Shargh and the Iranian House Company to design and perform the satellite tv for pc in orbit, with Bonyan Danesh Shargh being liable for in-orbit operations.
Whilst the mission every so often gave the impression in each Russian and Iranian information studies over the next 3 years, the contract had no longer but been signed in Might of 2018, when NPK Barl was once put on america State Division’s sanctions listing. Apparently that many of the delays to the mission have been because of negotiations over the cost of the satellite tv for pc, known as Iran’s Nationwide Faraway Sensing Satellite tv for pc through Iran’s Minister for Telecommunications and Knowledge Generation Mahmoud Vaezi.
No information was once revealed in regards to the contract after the sanctions have been imposed, resulting in hypothesis as as to if the contract have been signed, however the standing of the mission become transparent in February of 2021 all through a dialogue on the way forward for Russia’s industrial house business.
Valeriy Labutin, presented because the “common fashion designer” of NPK Barl, printed that the corporate would habits the primary release of a Russian industrial faraway sensing satellite tv for pc “for a overseas buyer” in the second one quarter of the yr. “All of the infrastructure has been deployed, all checks finished, and we’re able to release the satellite tv for pc this yr.” He didn’t expose the id of the buyer.
The satellite tv for pc seems to be a changed model of the NPK Barl-built Alpha-ES satellite tv for pc. The satellite tv for pc has a mass of 650 kg and a linear answer of 0.73 meters. Designed to have an energetic existence of 5 years, the satellite tv for pc is supplied with 4 sun panels deviating from the design of the Alpha-ES.
The Soyuz release automobile may also be traced again to the R-7 Semyorka ICBM, first presented through the Soviet Union in 1957. Whilst Soyuz now flies with 3 levels, the heritage can nonetheless obviously be observed, with the entire design of the primary and 2nd levels being very similar to their authentic design.
The Soyuz 2.1b variant flown lately options the usual 4 aspect boosters surrounding the Blok-A 2nd degree with an upgraded 3rd degree powered through an RD-0124, an improve over the normal RD-0110. Additionally on board is the Fregat-M fourth degree used to inject payloads into their ultimate orbits, normally handiest used when the 3 levels of Soyuz can not without delay inject huge payloads into the specified orbit.
Established in June of 1955, Baikonur Cosmodrome was once constructed as a base of operations for the Soviet Union’s house program in addition to a take a look at vary for ICBMs.
The primary synthetic satellite tv for pc, Sputnik 1, was once introduced to orbit from Web site 1/5, sometimes called Gagarin’s Get started, on board a rocket of the similar identify in 1957. The primary human in orbit, Yuri Gagarin, was once introduced from the similar pad on board Vostok 1 4 years later.
Any other primary release advanced at Baikonur is Web site 110, which boasts two pads, 110/37 and 110/38. All our launches of the N1 moon rocket have been introduced from the advanced, with each and every pad launching two N1s.
The Soviet House Commute Buran would later pass directly to release from Web site 110/37. Whilst there was once just one release of Buran, 110/37 can be regarded as as a release website online for the Russian Angara rocket, however the different release website online of Energia, Web site 250, can be selected.
(Lead picture: Soyuz 2.1b lifts off with Khayyam and 16 CubeSats. Credit score: Roscosmos)